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RE: How to verify?

A certificate path is just a group of certificates; they are inserted into
the "m_pMsgCertCrls" variable 1 certificate at a time.  If you have an ASN.1
encoded sequence of or set of certificates, simply navigate the list to
insert a single certificate at a time into the member variable (that is what
we do when re receive a message in pre-proc from the SignedData certificate
You may not need the entire certificate path to verify if the DSA parameters
are present in the user certificate.  From a strict security standpoint you
should get the entire path and verify that the user certificate signature is
valid before calling the SFL verify, but the verify itself just needs the
appropriate public key and DSA parameters (which may be in an issuer
Your 6 steps are correct.
You are correct, the NULL login only does DSA (oops).  Temporarily I would
suggest you override the default to rsa by changing the line in sm_free3.cpp
   if (pFree == NULL)
      // THIS MEMORY will be returned in the CSM_Tokeninterface *.
      // generate a new FREE CTI class
      if ((pFree = new CSM_Free3(id_dsa)) == NULL)    // DEFAULT DSA
         // CSM_Free3 constructor set's Alg IDs
      if ((pFree = new CSM_Free3(rsa)) == NULL)    // DEFAULT DSA
around line 3638 in "CSM_TokenInterface *CSM_Free3::AddLoginStatic(...)".  I
will fix this to allow both DSA and RSA for the next release.
Sorry, I cannot help you with the CML, I do not believe it is related, but
you can re-test with the above change to see if it makes a difference.  If
you still have problems with the CML lookup (it should work fine when the
entries are present), e-mail back with your specific setup details for the
CML, we will re-investigate.
The CSM_MsgToVerify::m_pSignerInfos load could be a but, but this load is
related to the presence of the CSMIME structure, since it aligns which
instances can verify.  This logic resides together at this time; it could be
split to separately load SignerInfos, then align the logins through
SignerInfo algs (at the time it seemed wasteful in performance to loop 2ce,
but there are not many SignerInfos).
Bob Colestock

-----Original Message-----
From: Erik Rissanen [mailto:Erik.Rissanen@xxxxxxx]
Sent: Friday, March 23, 2001 7:27 AM
To: 'Colestock, Robert'
Cc: imc-sfl@xxxxxxx
Subject: SV: How to verify?

You write that the application does not need to do anything if the signer's
certificate is included in the message (did I understand you correctly?),
but the SFL API documentation seems to claim otherwise. I am a bit confused
about the SFL api documentation section It states that the
application has to obtain the ASN encoded certification path for each
signature that it wishes to be verified. The path is to be inserted in
CSM_MsgToVerify::m_pMsgCertCrls before the call to CSM_MsgToVerify::Verify.
How is the path to be inserted? I can figure out from the API documentation
which method to call if I want to insert a CRL, an AC or a certificate, but
I cannot find anything about certification paths in the CSM_MsgCertCrls

Are the following steps the correct way to verify a SMIME message: 

1) Instantiate a CSM_Applogin with the sm_free3 NULL login as descibed in 
your reply. 
2) Instantiate a CSM_MsgToVerify with my SMIME message and call PreProc(). 
3) Extract the signer certificate from the CSM_MsgToVerify. 
4) Use CML to obtain an ASN encoded certification path for the certificate. 
5) Insert the certification path into the CSM_MsgToVerify according to
6) Call CSM_MsgToVerify::Verify. 

The CSM_CSInst instance that I get when I initiate a NULL CSM_AppLogin, does
not list RSA as one of its supported algorithms. I am using RSA
certificates, so will that be a problem? Also for some reason CML returns
CM_NO_PATH_FOUND when I try to build the certification path (step 4 above).
I don't know why, since all the necessary certificates are in the SRL
database. Could it be caused because the CSM_CSInst does not list RSA?

One more thing: Some of the overloaded versions of
CSM_MsgToVerify::CSM_MsgToVerify and CSM_MsgToVerify::PreProc do not process
the signerInfos so that they become available in
CSM_MsgToVerify::m_pSignerInfos. Is this a bug?

For instance: 

// Does not work: 
CSM_ContentInfoMsg *pcim = new CSM_ContentInfoMsg(pSMIMEMsg); 
CSM_MsgToVerify *pMsg = new CSM_MsgToVerify(pcim); 
// pMsg->m_pSignerInfos == NULL now 

// pci is SNACC ContentInfo with signedData in pci->content 
CSM_MsgToVerify *pMsg = new CSM_MsgToVerify(pAppLogin, (CSM_Buffer *)
// pMsg->m_pSignerInfos != NULL now 

Regards, Erik 

-----Ursprungligt meddelande----- 
Från: Colestock, Robert [ mailto:Robert.Colestock@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
<mailto:Robert.Colestock@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> ] 
Skickat: den 22 mars 2001 15:45 
Till: 'Erik Rissanen' 
Kopia: imc-sfl@xxxxxxx 
Ämne: RE: How to verify? 

Step 5 is not appropriate.  If the signing certifcate is already contained 
in the message, pre-proc has already loaded it into the appropriate place 
for the verify functionality to process the public key.  The only 
application interaction necessary in the verification is if the certificate 
is not in the message; in this case it would be necessary to access the SID 
from the SignerInfo(s) and lookup the certificate (from ldap, or local 
storage???).  In this case, the certificate would have to be added to the 
CSM_MsgToVerify certificate bucket before calling the Verify method. 
The login certificate is only used to load the signer's certificate on 
origination of a signed message. 
Bob Colestock 

-----Original Message----- 
From: Erik Rissanen [ mailto:Erik.Rissanen@xxxxxxx
<mailto:Erik.Rissanen@xxxxxxx> ] 
Sent: Thursday, March 22, 2001 6:56 AM 
To: 'Colestock, Robert'; Erik Rissanen 
Cc: imc-sfl@xxxxxxx 
Subject: SV: How to verify? 

Thank you for your reply. 
So now I have a CSM_CSInst to use for the verification. But I still don't 
understand how I should put the public key in it. 
I assume that my application has to do as follows: 
1) Instantiate a CSM_Applogin with the sm_free3 NULL login as descibed in 
your reply. 
2) Instantiate a CSM_MsgToVerify with my SMIME message and call PreProc(). 
3) Extract the signer certificate from the CSM_MsgToVerify 
4) Validate the certificate (with CML). 
5) Insert the certificate into the CSM_CSInst contained in the 
6) Call CSM_MsgToVerify::Verify. 
Is this correct and how do I perform step 5? 
Regards, Erik 

-----Ursprungligt meddelande----- 
Från: Colestock, Robert [ mailto:Robert.Colestock@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
<mailto:Robert.Colestock@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> ] 
Skickat: den 21 mars 2001 17:07 
Till: Erik Rissanen 
Kopia: imc-sfl@xxxxxxx 
Ämne: RE: How to verify? 

There were some problems with NULL logins, depending on your release.  The 
original intent was that the application would use the same logins (always 
present) for verification that are used for signing.  Since our original 
design, our own uses of the library dictate that we many times generate a 
login only when we need it.  You can use the CSM_CSInst with a private key 
for verification. 
As to the NULL logins, it should work fine in the newest version; for DSA 
verification it is now built-in, you no longer need to use the Free3 CTIL 
(assuming SHA1 and DSA).  You do not have to link directly, the BuildArgs 
should be "sm_free3DLL NULL NULL NULL sm_FREE3" (it no longer needs a 
certificate).  You should be able to copy the init logic from the 
sm_free3.cpp/h files on your release.  I have included just these source 
files.  Sorry about the confusion in our APIs, actual usage of the SFL 
library is very different from our original design intentions causing undue 
complexity.  Some issues are being corrected (like the NULL login with no 
certificate, and the newest built-in instance for SHA1, SHA2, AES, and DSA 
Bob Colestock 

-----Original Message----- 
From: Erik Rissanen [ mailto:Erik.Rissanen@xxxxxxx
<mailto:Erik.Rissanen@xxxxxxx> ] 
Sent: Wednesday, March 21, 2001 10:07 AM 
To: 'imc-sfl@xxxxxxx' 
Subject: SFL: How to verify? 

I am trying to use SFL to verify a signed SMIME message. The message has one

signerinfo with a security label and nothing  else. The signers PKC is 
included in the SignerInfo. 

I don't understand how to initialize the sm_free3 CTIL to use for 
verification. I have successfully used SFL and sm_free3 to sign messages. 
For signing I initialized a SM_Applogin with the sm_free3 DLL and a PKCS#12 
file. The resulting CSM_CSInst is  associated with the private key and 
signing works fine. 

But having each CSM_CSInst instance to represent a private key doesn't make 
sense for verify, since there is no associated private key for the 
opperation. So how do I initialize a CSM_CSInst instance in this case? I 
don't understand the API  documentation on this point. 

The approach I have tried is to compile time link with the sm_free3 DLL and 

CSM_CSInst *pInst = pSMIME->m_pCSInsts->AppendL(); 
CSM_Free3 *pFree3 = new CSM_Free3(); 
pFree3->AddLogin(certBuffer, NULL, NULL, "NULL"); 

Where certBuffer contains the certificate from the SMIME message SignerInfo.

This causes a crash in the destructor of a CSM_Buffer when 
CSM_DataToVerify::Verify returns, so I guess I am doing something wrong. Is 
the code above the correct approach? 

Any help would be greatly appreciated. 

Regards, Erik Rissanen